Batik is the art of wax resist and dye on fabric or paper. Batiks can be traced back to the Middle East, Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Thailand, Philippines, and India. They are usually created on cloth by applying wax to the material and then dyeing it. Cracks in the wax often occur as the batik is folded or pushed into dying tubs. The “crackling” effect occurs when the dye seeps into any cracked parts of the wax.
The first batik I ever created was of a dolphin jumping out of the water. I was in fifth grade and painted melted crayons on fabric, then ironed out the wax. I wish I had taken a picture of it.
In college I learned the tub dye method to create these three batiks.
I've since created other batiks the same way, such as these.
However, when using the tub dye method, all the colors need to stay in the same analogous or monochromatic color family in order to prevent colors from mixing incorrectly. The palettes then become limited. So I started using Photoshop to colorize them.
First I draw out a sketch and then transfer it onto white muslin with a pencil and light box.
Then I melt some crayons and use brushes to paint the melted crayon wax onto the fabric.
After the whole picture has been painted, I prepare a dye bath, then crumple the fabric and place it in the dye bath for about 20-30 minutes.
Next time the crayon wax has to be thinner and hotter - I'll be using aluminum cups to melt the wax instead of glass jars in water inside a hot skillet in the future.
Here are some other recent crayon batiks done the same way.